The program contains the oral papers and monographic session posters. General session posters will be divided between Poster session 1 and Poster session 2.

The updated Book of Abstracts and Program Booklet.

Monday  Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

Monographic Session 1:

Balearic Islands, 14C & archaeology:  new data to discuss an old story


 General Session 2:

Art & History


Monographic Session 4:

Freshwater Radiocarbon Reservoir Effects


General Session  6:

Reservoir effects

MS1.2 GS2.2 MS4.2 GS6.2
MS1.3 GS2.3 MS4.3 GS6.3
MS1.4 GS2.4 MS4.4 GS6.4
coffee break
coffee break
coffee break
coffee break

Monographic Session 2:

Mortar Dating


General Session 3:



Monographic Session 5:

The chronology of the late Early Bronze Age  in the Near East:  New results and implications



Getting the most from 14C


MS2.2 GS3.2 MS5.2
MS2.3 GS3.3 MS5.3
MS2.4 GS3.4 MS5.4
MS2.5 GS3.5   GS5.1
closing speech & lunch 

General Session 1:



Monographic Session 3:

Neolithization of Eurasia: Spatiotemporal Patterns


General Session 5:

Methodology, pottery and bones

departure KIK/IRPA
GS1.2 MS3.2 GS5.3


GS1.3 MS3.3 GS5.4
GS1.4 MS3.4 GS5.5
GS1.5 MS3.5 GS5.6
coffee break
  GS4.1 GS5.7

Poster session 1


coffee break
coffee break + photo


General Session 4:



Poster session  2


return KIK/IRPA
conference dinner

Monday 8 april 2013


Registration will be possible monday afternoon between 15.50h and 18h and every morning during the first days conference. A registration desk will be place at the visitor entrance (yellow marker) of the Saint Peter's Abbey.

If possible, please bring a proof of payment of the conference to speed up the registration process if any problems should arise.


Participants are kindly invited to the Radiocarbon & Archaeology 2013-conference opening followed by a reception. These will be held in the cellars of the Saint Peter's abbey on monday evening from 18h to 20h. Before 18h the cellar is accessible from the Registration desk. The visitor entrance will be closed after 18h. Late arrivals can enter the cellar directly through the Abbey-gates, following the indicated path (blue marker).


Tuesday 9 april 2013

Monographic Session 1: Balearic Islands, 14C & archaeology:  new data to discuss an old story

Session info

Title: Balearic Islands, 14C & archaeology: new data to discuss an old story
Keywords: islands, C14, archaeology


ir. Mark Van Strydonck & Dr. Guy De Mulder


The Balearic Islands (Mallorca,Menorca and a few smaller islands) are the most remote island group in the Western Mediterranean.  Since the start of the archaeological research on both islands different chronological models have been proposed for the regional cultural phases (Pretalayotic, Talayotic and Post-Talayotic). Depending on the interpretation of the archaeological data different conflicting chronological schemes have been proposed. In the late 1960’s radiocarbon was introduced as a new chronological tool. In spite of this introduction, scientific discussion on the different chronological schemes is still going on. In this session these models will be discussed using new radiocarbon data obtained from recent excavations.

Oral Presentations

MS1.1 The lime burial of Cova de Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain)

G. De Mulder, M. Van Strydonck, M. Boudin, T. Van den Brande, L. Decq, H. Borms, D. Ramis, M. Salen Burguera

MS1.2 The chronology of the village of navetes of S’Hospitalet Vell (Manacor), an example of Bronze Age settlement in the Balearic Islands

D. Ramis, M. Salen Burguera

MS1.3 A chronological framework for the early Talayotic period in Menorca: the settlement of Cornia Nou (Mahon)

M., Anglada, A. Ferrer, L. Plantalamor, D. Ramis, M. Van Strydonck, G. De Mulder

MS1.4 Post-Talayotic burial uses of the Son Ferrer hypogeum (c. 500-180 BC). A contextual analysis of radiocarbon datings

J. Garcia Rosselló, D. Javaloyas Molina, D. Albero Santacreu, M. Calvo Trias, M. Van Stydonck


Poster Presentations

in Poster session 1

MS1.5 From Prehistory to History: change and continuation in the dietary habits from the inhabitants of the Balearic Islands based on 14C and stable isotopes (δ 13C and δ 15N)

M. Van Strydonck, D. Ramis, M. Boudin,  H. Borms, G. De Mulder

MS1.6 Absolute chronology for the Beaker culture site of Coval Simó (Mallorca, Balearic Islands)

J. Coll, D. Ramis

MS1.7 Fortified coastal sites in the Prehistory of the Balearic Islands: First radiocarbon dates from the excavations at Sa Ferradura and Es Coll de Cala Morell

M., Anglada, A. Ferrer, D. Ramis, M. Salas Burguera

MS1.8 Radiocarbon dates of Balearic Bronze Age Naviforms. A critical review and new approaches

M. Calvo Trias , D. Albero Santacreu , J. Garcia Rosselló, D. Javaloyas Molina, J. Fornes Bisquerra

MS1.9 Radiocarbon dating of the necropolis of the early Christian complex of Son Peretó (Mallorca, Balearic Islands)

M. Angel Cau, M.Riera, M. Salas Burguera, M. Van Strydonck

MS1.10 New data from fortified coastal settlement of Cap de Forma, Maó-Menorca (Balearic Islands)

A. Depalmas

MS1.11 Material analysis of the Cova de Na Dent lime burials – first results

R. Hayen, M. Van Strydonck, D. De feo, M. Boudin, G. De Mulder


Monographic Session 2: Mortar Dating

Session info

Title: Mortar Dating
Keywords: mortar, render, lime, C14, archaeology


Mr. Roald Hayen & Dr. Åsa Ringbom


Radiocarbon dating of lime mortars can be a useful tool to realise an absolute building chronology of monumental constructions and individual building phases in archaeology.
Lime mortar dating is possible due to the fact that it hardens – entirely or partly – by transferring calcium hydrate to calcium carbonate, by which it absorbs atmospheric carbon dioxide. The 14C dating of the binder carbonate hence reveals the hardening age of the lime mortar.
Mortars often contain, however, lime carbonates other than binder carbonate, such as limestone and microfossil fragments from the aggregate or from incomplete burnt limestone fragments. Depleted from 14C-isotopes, these carbonates reveal ages older than the moment of application. Secondary carbonation in the lime mortar can, on the other hand, lead to a younger age.

Hence, a successful radiocarbon dating of a lime mortar relies on the separation of the different carbonate sources for which the sample preparation is the key to success. The selective reactivity of the different carbonate sources is exploited to reveal the true age of the anthropogenic lime carbonate.

The session focuses on one or more of the following topics:
- preparation and selection methodology of the mortar samples
- identification of the carbonate sources
- selective carbonate source’s separation methodology
- case studies

Oral Presentations

MS2.1 Eighteen years of mortar dating – learning from experience

Å. Ringbom, A. Lindroos, J. Heinemeier, G. Hodgins, F. Brock, P. Sjöberg

MS2.2 Radiocarbon dating of lime mortars in late medieval buildings in Belgium

V. Debonne, M. Van Strydonck

MS2.3 Radiocarbon dating of lime mortars, a new approach to separate natural from anthropogenic lime carbonates

R. Hayen, M. Van Strydonck, M. Boudin

MS2.4 Radiocarbon dating of mortars: potential of the cryosonic technique

S. Nonni, F. Marzaioli, I. Passariello, S. Mignardi, C. Lubritto, F. Terrasi

MS2.5 Sequential dissolution and AMS. Dating the mortar and tracing the contaminants

A. Lindroos, J. Heinemeier, Å. Rinbom, G. Hodgins


Poster Presentations

in Poster session 1

MS2.6 Radiocarbon dating of lime mortars in late medieval buildings in Belgium,  on the accuracy of dating and mortar composition

R. Hayen, L. Fontaine, V. Debonne

MS2.7 Radiocarbon dating of mortars from the crypt of St. Felice at Nola (Naples, Italy)

I. Passariello, N. Castaldo, F. Marzaioli,M. Capano, S. Nonni, F. Terrasi

MS2.8 Radiocarbon dating of mortars from places of worship. Applications of the “pure lime lumps” technique in archaeological research

V. Tafaro, G.L. Pesce, D. Portale, R. Vecchiattini, R. Ball

MS2.9 Binder characterization to determinate a more reliable and accurate chronology of the medieval castle of Portilla (Alava, northern Spain)

M.Cruz Zuluaga, L. Ortega, A. Alonso-Olazabal, X. Murelaga, I. Blasco, J.L. Solaun


General Session 1: Statistics

Session info

This session contains all papers submitted to the 'General' session with statistics as common denominator.


Prof. Chrisotopher Ramsey & Prof. Marian Scott

Oral Presentations

GS1.1 An archaeological typology of Bayesian chronological models

A. Bayliss

GS1.2 Bayesian modelling of the Chauvet Cave dating: second intercomparison program

A. Quiles, H. Valladas, J-M. Geneste, B. Berthier, F. Brock, C. Bronk Ramsey, E. Delque-Količ, J-P. Dumoulin, H. Hajdas, G. W. L. Hodgins, A. Hogg, A. J. T. Jull, E. Kaltnecker, M. de Martino, C. Oberlin, F. Petchey, P. Steier, H-A Synal, J. Van der Plicht, E. M. Wild, A. Zazzo

GS1.3 Time and stone: emergence and transfer of megalithic concepts in Europe

B. Schulz Paulsson

GS1.4 Discontinuities in the Bronze Age and the transition to the Iron Age in prehistoric Europe: a Bayesian analysis of  14C dated archaeological contexts

G. Capuzzo, E. Boaretto, J.A. Barceló

GS1.5 Dendro-14C Wiggle-Matching Byzantine Shipwrecks from Dor-Tantura Lagoon, Israel: Establishing a High Precision Chronological Framework for Changing Mediterranean Shipbuilding Technologies during the First Millennium AD

B. Lorentzen, S. Manning, Y. Kahanov, R. Navri

Poster session 1

Monographic Session 1 Posters: Balearic Islands, 14C & archaeology:  new data to discuss an old story

Monographic Session 2 Posters: Mortar Dating

Monographic Session 3 Posters: Neolithization of Eurasia: Spatiotemporal Patterns

General Session posters: PS1

PS1.1 Archaeological humus as an object of 14C dating

A.L. Alexandrovskiya, A.V. Dolgikha, V.V. Skripkinb

PS1.2 Further modeling of multivariate data in archaeological geophysics

S.M. Algezeri, R.G. Aykroyd

PS1.3 A diffusion-adsorption model of uranium uptake by South American Pleistocene Megafauna bone

R.M. Anjos, C.B. Zamboni, A. Corona, A.S. Cid, D.L. Valladares, L. Kovacs, K.D. Macario1, D. Perea, C. Goso, H. Velasco, F.M. Oliveira, I.S. Chanca, E.Q. Alves

PS1.4 The atomic C:N ratio of wool and silk : a quality control indicator for reliable radiocarbon dating

M. Boudin, M. Bonafini, P. Boeckx, I. Vanden Berghe, M.-C. Maquoi, M. Van Strydonck

PS1.5 An archaeological mystery revealed by radiocarbon dating of cross flow nanofiltrated amino acids: The case study of the bishops Baldwin and Radbot II from Noyon-Tournai

M. Boudin, P. Boeckx, P. Vandenabeele, M. Van Strydonck

PS1.6 OxCal: new developments

C. Bronk Ramsey, M. Dee, R. Staff

PS1.7 Variation in radiocarbon age determinations from the Crystal River archaeological site, Florida

A. Cherkinsky, V. D. Thompson, T. J. Pluckhahn

PS1.8 Archaeological carbon-14 dating in Romania – present status and perspectives

B. Constantinescu

PS1.9 Temporal reconstruction of the landscape around the Moervaart palaeolake (NW Belgium) during the Late Glacial and Early Holocene: a Bayesian approach

P. Crombé, E. Robinson, M. Van Strydonck

PS.10 Challenging a traditional chronological framework of funerary rituals in the Meuse-Demer-Scheldt region. The 14C-results from the site of Lummen-Meldert (Belgium)

G. De Mulder, G. Creemers, M. Van Strydonck

PS1.11 The use of 14C-dating in modeling the long term occupation of the site of Lier-Duwijck II (Belgium)

G. De Mulder,P. Laloo, J. Cryns, H. Annaert, I. Bourgeois, W. De Clercq

PS1.12 Bronze Age barrows in NW Belgium. A critical review of the 14C dates

J. Dereu

PS1.13  The study of sequential bone samples for accurate 14C-AMS age in an archaeological site

H. Du, Y. Zhu, P. Cheng, X.Llu

PS1.14 Identification of potential additional laboratory contamination of bone samples

E. Dunbar, P. Naysmith, G. Cook

PS1.15 The first results of the analysis of strontium isotopes content in human bone remains from medieval burials in the city of Yaroslavl (Central Russia)

A. Engovatova, E. Bogomolov, M. Dobrovolskaya, G. Zaitseva

PS1.16 Radiocarbon dating of the Neolithic lakeside settlement of Dispilio, Kastoria, northern Greece

Y. Facorellis, M. Sofronidou, G. Hourmouziadis

PS1.17 Catholic fasting rules and radiocarbon dating

R. Fernandes, M.-J. Nadeau, P. M. Grootes

PS1.18  FRUITS for Fish: intake estimates of aquatic foods using a novel Bayesian model

R. Fernandes, M. Brabec, A. Millard, M.-J. Nadeau, P. M. Grootes

PS1.19 Vegetation change and date of human arrival in Rarotonga, Cook Islands

T. Fujiki, M. Okuno, K. Kawai, H. Moriwaki

PS1.20 Sulfur combined with carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios as a means to better understand marine diet and migration patterns on the islands of Ibiza and Formentera, Spain

B. Fuller, O. Nehlich, N. Márquez-Grant, M.P. Richards

PS1.21 Authentication and radiocarbon dating of a liturgical artwork: the Christ the Saviour of Amiens Cathedral

N. Gandolfo, P. Richardin, A Gérard

PS1.22 Saimaa breakthroughs: geoarchaeological evidence and radiocarbon dates from the Karelian Isthmus

D. Gerasimov, M. Kulkova

PS1. 23 Simulation and outputs

S. Griffiths

PS1.24 New insight on the radiocarbon chronology of Middle Pleniglacial lœss sequences related to Early Upper Palaeolithic, from Danube Basin to Yenisei

P. Haesaerts, F. Damblon, N.I. Drozdov, L. A. Orlova,  J. van der Plicht

PS1.25 Radiocarbon age offsets between tooth enamel, tooth collagen and bone collagen

H. Hastie, G. Cook, A. Sheridan, E. Dunbar, P. Naysmith

PS1.26 Dating the end of iron production within the medieval city of Preah Khan of Kompong Svay, Cambodia

Q. Hua, M. Hendrickson

PS1.27 For a new drawing of the Late Bronze Age landscape between the Middle Scheldt and Maas Basins: the contribution of the radiocarbon analyses

W. Leclercq


Wednesday 10 april 2013

General Session 2: Art & History

Session info

This session contains all papers submitted to the 'General' session with Art & History as common denominator.


Prof. Wim De Clercq

Oral Presentations

GS2.1 14C on antique textiles - new perspectives from nearly two decades of experience

C.Cristi, I. Hajdas

GS2.2 Four Coptic textiles from the Louvre collection 14C re-dated after 55 y

M. Van Strydonck, D. Bénazeth

GS2.3 Modeling the chronology of change in Anglo-Saxon female fashions

A. Bayliss, J. Hines, K. Høilund Nielsen, G. McCormac, C. Scull

GS2.4 Radiocarbon dating of wooden carvings from the Mephitis sanctuary in the Ansanto Valley (AV-Italy). Test on restoration material removal

M. Capano, B. Kromer, F. Marzaioli, I.  Passariello, O. Pignatelli, N. Martinelli, S. Gigli, F. Terrasi

General Session 3: Chronology

Session info

This session contains all papers submitted to the 'General' session with Chronology as common denominator.


Prof. Tom Higham & Dr. Irka Hajdas

Oral Presentations

GS3.1 Radiocarbon dating of the transition from the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic: new results and insights into the disappearance of Neanderthals

T. Higham, K. Douka, R.Wood, C. Bronk Ramsey, R. Jacobi

GS3.2 Runoff-capturing terraced fields in the central Negev desert as geoarchaeological archives: Unique radiocarbon chronology of human activities at Horvat Haluqim from 5080 cal BCE to 940 cal CE

H. J. Bruins, J. van der Plicht

GS3.3 An absolute chronology for the formation of Egypt

M. Dee, D. Wengrow, A. Shortland, A. Stevenson, F. Brock, C. Bronk Ramsey

GS3.4 Living in the Shadow of Angkor Project:  recent research on the life ways of a 15th to 17th century highland culture in the Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia

N. Beavan, S. Halcrow, S. Tep, A. Carter, S. Ouk, U. Zoppi

GS3.5 The Chronology of the Tarioba Shellmound, Rio das Ostras, RJ, Brazil

K.D. Macario, R.C.C.L. Souza, C.D. Trindade, J. Decco, T.A. Lima, E.P. Silva, A.N. Marques, .EQ. Alves, F.M. Oliveira, I.S. Chanca, C. Carvalho

Monographic Session 3: Neolithization of Eurasia: Spatiotemporal Patterns

Session info

Title: Neolithisation of Eurasia: Spatiotemporal Patterns

Neolithisation, Pottery, Agriculture, Radiocarbon Dating, Eurasia


Prof. Yaroslav Kuzmin


The main topic of this Session is the presentation and discussion of data concerning the spatiotemporal patterns for the emergence of both pottery and agriculture in different parts of Eurasia (East Asia, Southeast Asia, Levant, Siberia, Eastern Europe, Central Europe, Western Europe, Northern Europe), and the relationship between them. The issues of the possible origins of pottery and its spread to neighbouring regions within Eurasia are also considered. The models of Neolithisation for different parts of Eurasia will be the major results of presentations.

Oral Presentations

MS3.1 Old World Pottery Origins and Dispersals

P. Jordan, K. Gibbs, P. Hommel, F. Silva, J. Steele

MS3.2 The Neolithisation of Siberia and the Russian Far East: major spatiotemporal trends for the appearance of pottery in hunter-gatherers’ continuum

Y. Kuzmin

MS3.3 Early pottery in the Urals region – new results

K. Dubovceva, L. Kosinskaya, S. Panina, H. Piezonka, S. Savchenko, T. Terberger M. Zhilin

MS3.4 Chronology of the most ancient ceramic traditions in the Don River, Upper Volga River, and Dvina River regions (Eastern Europe)

M. Kulkova, A. Mazurkevich, V. Lozovsky, E. Dolbunova

MS3.5 Chronological problems of Neolithization in the East European forest-steppe (from Cis-Urals to the Upper Volga River basin)

A. Vybornov, N. Zaretskaya, M. Ivanishcheva, V. Karmanov, E. Kostylyova, E. Lytschagina, N. Nedomolkina, M. Oinonen, G. Possnert

Poster Presentations

in Poster session 1

MS3.6 The Early Neolithic of the eastern Lake Onega region and the Sukhona River basin (northwestern Russian Plain)

M.V. Ivanisheva, N.G. Nedomolkina

MS3.7 Another way of early pottery distribution in Eastern Europe? Case study of the Pezmog IV site, Far Northeastern Europe

V.N Karmanov, N.E. Zaretskaya

MS3.8 The Early Neolithic of the Kama region (chronological aspects)

E.L. Lychagina

MS3.9 The Early Neolithic of the northwestern part of Caspian Sea region

P.M. Koltsov

MS3.10 The freshwater reservoir effect: impact on ceramic chronologies in Northern Europe

B. Philippsen

MS3.11 Chronology of the Early Neolithic in forest steppe area of the Don River region (European Russia)

R. Smolyaninov, A. Surkov

MS3.12 The problems of Neolithization chronology in the East European steppe and forest-steppe (from the Volga River to the Don River)

A. Vybornov, P. Koltsov, M. Kulkova, N. Morgunova, A. Surkov, R. Smolyaninov, A. Yudin, T. Goslar, A.J.T. Jull, G. Possnert

MS3.13 New radiocarbon dates for the Neolithic complexes in Volga-Kama region (European Russia)

A. Vybornov, M. Kulkova, T. Goslar, A.J.T. Jull, M. Oinonen, G. Possnert, J. Heinemeier, B. Phillipsen

MS3.14 The Varfolomeevkа site in the steppe region of Volga River

A.I. Yudin


General Session 4: Neolithization

Session info

This session contains all papers submitted to the 'General' session with Neolithization as common denominator.


Dr. Alex Bayliss and Prof. Alasdair Whittle

Oral Presentations

GS4.1 Utilization of plant food and the Incipient Jomon pottery during the Late Glacial time in Japan

Y. Kudo

GS4.2 Diet and mobility in a late Neolithic population of coastal Oman inferred from radiocarbon dating and stable isotope analysis

A.Zazzo, O. Munoz, J.-F. Saliège

GS4.3 Early or Late Natufian? New radiocarbon dates for the Natufian graveyard at Raqefet Cave, Mt. Carmel, Israel

O. Barzilai, N. Rebollo, D. Nadel, F. Bocquentin, R. Yeshurun, E. Boaretto

GS4.4 Human mitochondrial sequences and archaeological evidence show ancient long-distance migrations from Central Asia to Volga basin and up to eastern Fennoscandia

P. Onkamo, S. Översti, T. Sundell, P. Pesonen, M. Oinonen

GS4.5 Multiscalar approach to 14C calendar chronologies of the Neolithic-Eneolithic transition in Slovenia and its neighbouring regions

M. Sraka

Thursday 11 april 2013

Monographic Session 4: Freshwater Radiocarbon Reservoir Effects

Session info

Title: Freshwater radiocarbon reservoir effects
Keywords: Reservoir effect, radiocarbon, diet, freshwater, marine


Mr. Ricardo Fernandes & Dr. Marie-Josée Nadeau


Radiocarbon dating is the foundation of most absolute chronologies in archaeology, which are often based on the radiocarbon dating of human bone. The working assumption is that the bone’s original 14C signal, when corrected for fractionation, equals the atmospheric 14C signal at time of death. However, certain reservoirs of carbon may be depleted in 14C relative to the atmosphere. This phenomenon, referred to as radiocarbon reservoir effect, is well known both from marine and freshwater contexts. The 14C-depleted signal is transmitted within the aquatic food web and eventually transferred to humans who consume aquatic foods. These dietary reservoir effects result in misleadingly old radiocarbon ages, with obvious implications for absolute chronologies.

This session will specifically address freshwater reservoir effects, which are often larger and more variable than marine reservoir effects. Furthermore, freshwater dietary reservoir effects are more difficult to detect, as δ13C values in aquatic and terrestrial food sources often overlap. These issues are well illustrated in several recent case studies.

The session aims to bring together experts from various fields to discuss freshwater reservoir effects in archaeology. We welcome contributions that address one or more of the following topics:

-          Novel case studies of human dietary reservoir effects at inland sites.

-          Spatial and temporal variability of reservoir effects in inland contexts.

-          Freshwater reservoir effects in non-human materials (e.g. ceramic food crusts).

-          Paleodietary reconstruction methods and their usefulness in identifying and quantifying a freshwater diet, including stable isotope methods and other dietary proxies.

-          Optimal sampling strategies for radiocarbon dating in the presence of potential freshwater reservoir effects.

-          Reservoir effect estimation based on control samples, dietary proxies and local reservoir age reconstruction.

-          Alternative methods for directly obtaining reservoir-effect-corrected radiocarbon dates (e.g. radiocarbon dating of multiple bone fractions).

-          Use of reservoir effects to infer residential mobility.

Oral Presentations

MS4.1 Back to Riņņukalns – new discoveries at a Neolithic freshwater shell midden in Latvia

H. Lübke, J. Meadows, U. Schmölcke, V., Bērziņš, I. Zagorska

MS4.2 Going fishing in the Neolithic: archaeological, isotopic, and radiocarbon evidence

R. Fernandes, M.-J. Nadeau, P.M. Grootes

MS4.3 Reasons for reservoir effect variability

B. Philippsen

MS4.4 Reservoir effect and stable isotope composition of archeological samples from Eurasia

N. Shishlina, E. Zazovskaya, V. Sevastyanov, H. Van der Plicht


Poster Presentations

in Poster Session 2

MS4.5 Human dietary radiocarbon reservoir effects in the Eurasian Steppe

R. Fernandes, N. Shishlina, U. Brosseder, M.-J. Nadeau, P.M. Grootes


Monographic Session 5: The chronology of the late Early Bronze Age  in the Near East: New results and implications

Session info

Title: The chronology of the late Early Bronze Age in the Ancient Near East: New results and historical implications
Keywords: Near East, 3rd Millenium, Historical and absolute chronology


Dr. Elisabetta Boaretto & Dr. Felix Höflmayer


As chronology is the backbone of history, secure absolute dates are a prerequisite for understanding developments and transitions in all kinds of human phenomena. For a long time chronology of the Ancient Near East was based on changes in the material culture and synchronization with historical chronologies of Egypt and Mesopotamia. Even 60 years after the development of radiocarbon dating, relative chronologies based on material culture are the common basic chronological models used for historical research.

However, in the last decades a major change has taken place based on integrating field work, quality control on the datable material and improvement in radiocarbon dating analysis. This new approach has resulted in high resolution absolute chronologies for certain periods that in turn raise fundamental questions about timing of events, synchronization with historical chronologies, and reliability of material culture changes for absolute dates and diffusion of ideas, trade and so on.

This in turn has resulted in some disagreements between traditional chronological models and radiocarbon dating. The end of the urbanized Early Bronze Age in the southern Levant was usually synchronized with the end of the Akkad-empire of Mesopotamia and the end of the Egyptian Old Kingdom. Rapid climate change (the 4.2 ka BP event) was thought to play a major role for these wide-spread transitions (end of Akkad-empire, Egyptian Old Kingdom, end of urbanized Early Bronze Age III and transition to pastoralist Early Bronze Age IV). Recent radiocarbon evidence however, questions the long-held synchronisms and suggests a considerable higher date for the end of the first urbanization of the southern Levant.

In this workshop we would like to focus on the current state of research in chronology of the late Early Bronze Age, both from a scientific as well as from an archaeological point of view. Field archaeologists, philologists and radiocarbon experts will be invited to give papers on current research results regarding the chronologies in the Near East region of the late 3rd millennium BC.

Oral Presentations

MS5.1 Mesopotamia: historical chronology

W. Sallaberger

MS5.2 Tell al-Hiba first radiocarbon dates: implementing the absolute chronology for South Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC

E. Boaretto, H. Pittman, J. Regev

MS5.3 New radiocarbon data for the late Early Bronze Age in the southern Levant and possible implications for Egyptian-Levantine interconnection

F. Höflmayer

MS5.4 New Early Bronze Age 14C dates from the southern Levant acquired using a micro-archaeological approach for context characterization

J. Regev,  A. Maeir, I. Shai, H. Greenfield, I. Finkelstein, M. Adams


General Session 5: General methodology, pottery and bones

Session info

This session contains all papers submitted to the 'General' session with General methodology, pottery and bones as common denominator.


Prof. Gordon Cook & Dr. Jan Heinemeyer

Oral Presentations

GS5.1 Identifying chemical markers for anomalous radiocarbon dates from surface organic residues

G. Kirke, A. Bayliss, R. Evershed

GS5.2 New hydroxyproline radiocarbon dates from Sungir, Russia, confirm earliest Mid Upper Palaeolithic burials in Eurasia

S. Nalawade-Chavan, T. Higham, J. McCullagh, R. Hedges

GS5.3 Radiocarbon dating and isotopic analysis of Pleistocene fauna from Project 23 at Rancho La Brea: A novel method for tar (asphalt) removal from bone collagen by ultrafiltration

B.T. Fuller, S.M. Fahrni, J.M. Harris, A. Farrell, L.M. Gerhart, J.K. Ward, J. R. Southon

GS5.4 Short-lived is better? Assessment of the reliability of macrobotanical remains for radiocarbon dating in historical context

V. Caracuta, G. Fiorentino, M. Turchiano, G. Vulpe

GS5.5 Integrating analytical methods in radiocarbon sampling strategy: Determining the Bronze to Iron Age transition in Qubur El-Walaydah, Israel

Y. Asscher, G. Lehmann,S. Weiner, E. Boaretto

GS5.6 Study of modern ethnographic context to understand radiocarbon age accuracy

E. Mintz, R. Shahack-Gross, S. Gur-Arieh, E. Boaretto

GS5.7 The new radiocarbon intercomparison SIRI

M. Scott, G. Cook, P. Naysmith

Poster session 2

Monographic Session 4 posters: Freshwater Radiocarbon Reservoir Effects

General Session posters: PS2

PS2.1 Online database of 14C-dates from Slovakia and neighboring countries

P. Kmeťová, K. Piatničková, P. Demján, P. Barta

PS2.2 Wiggle-match dating of tree-ring sequences from an Early Iron Age defensive settlement Motroninskoe Gorodishche in Mielniki (central Ukraine)

M. Krąpiec, J. Chochorowski, V. Skrypkin

PS2.3 Radiocarbon dating of the oldest gunshot wound: the case of the Plotnikovsky burial complex

N.B. Krylasova, N.B. Bryukhova, A.M. Belavin, N.D. Burova

PS2.4 Direct radiocarbon dating of Pleistocene hominids in Eurasia: current status, problems, and perspectives

Y. Kuzmin, S. Keats

PS2.5 Puzzling radiocarbon dates for the Upper Palaeolithic site of Sungir (Central Russian Plain)

Y. Kuzmin, J. van der Plicht, L. Sulerzhitsky

PS2.6 First results of the first 14C-AMS in Latin America

K.D. Macario, P.R.S. Gomes, R.M. Anjos, C. Carvalho, R. Linares, E.Q. Alves, F.M. Oliveira, M.D. Castro, I.S. Chanca, M.F.M. Silveira, L.C.R. Pessenda, L.M.B. Moraes, T.B. Campos, A. Cherkinsky

PS2.7 Tailoring collagen extraction for reliable 14C dates from low collagen bones

A. Marom-Rotem, E. Mintz, E. Boaretto

PS2.8 Este, Padova, Italy: dating the Iron Age waterfront

N. Martinelli, J. Meadows, M.-J. Nadeau, E. Bianchin Citton

PS2.9 Outliers, offsets, misfits and Low Grounds: a Bayesian chronological model for the Early-Middle Bronze Age barrow cemetery at Over, Cambridgeshire, England

G. Meadows, D. Garrow, C. Evans, J. Tabor

PS2.10 Medieval Wiggle-Matching

P. Marschall, A. Bayliss, C. Tyers, C. Bronk Ramsey, G. Cook, S. Griffiths

PS2.11 From Mesolithic to Early Medieval Ages in Great Poland on the examples of charcoal dating from Sowinki

D. Michalska, M. Szczepaniak, A. Krzyszowski

PS2.12 Conventions for reporting radiocarbon determinations

A. Millard

PS2.13 Summary of the first year operation of Hertelendi AMS 14C-laboratory, Debrecen, Hungary

M. Molnar, L. Rinyu, I. Major, R. Janovics, I. Hajdas, A.J.T. Jull

PS2.14 Radiocarbon dating of carbonized material adhering to pottery: chemical component of inner and outer surfaces on potsherds

Y. Miyata, S. Onbe, M. Sakamoto, H. Matsuzaki, M. Imamura

PS2.15 14C-dating and historical buildings in Japan

N. Nakao, M. Sakamoto, M. Imamura

PS2.16 Archaeological burnt bone dates in eastern Fennoscandia

M. Oinonen, P. Pesonen,E. Hertell, K. Mannermaa, M. Manninen, M. Tallavaara

PS2.17 The Sopot culture and the start of the Lengyel complex at Alsónyék-Bátaszék, Hungary - a Bayesian approach

K. Oross, D. Hamilton, A. Osztás, E. Bánffy, A. Bayliss, A. Whittle

PS2.18 The first steps of AMS pre-treatment laboratory in Novosibirsk, Russia

V. Panov, A. Petrozhitskii, N. Sushentseva, Y. Sryvkina, E. Uslamin

PS2.19 Vuoksi breakthrough - natural disaster of an ancient lake triggered a large-scale cultural change in Neolithic Eastern Fennoscandia

P. Pesonen, M. Oinonen, P. Onkamo, E. Holmqvist-Saukkonen, S. Kivimäki, T. Sundell

PS2.20 Archaeological birch tars and pitches in the Eastern Fennoscandia

P. Pesonen,S. Viljanmaa, M. Oinonen, M. Reunanen

PS2.21 An evidence of Neolithic beeswax in North Ostrobothnia, Finland, on 65°latitude

P. Pesonen,S. Viljanmaa, M. Oinonen

PS2.22 Tell Sabi Abyad, Syria: fossil bones and isotopes

J. Plug, J. van der Plicht, P.M.M.G. Akkermans

PS2.23 Radiocarbon chronology of the Tlatoani at Tlayacapan site, Morelos, Mexico

R.F. Gonzalez Quezada, A. Cherkinsky

PS2.24 Radiocarbon dating of an important collection of North Chilean mummies

P. Richardin, A. Gimat, N. Gandolfo, M. Sepulveda

PS2.25  Intact Natufian bones with up to 1wt% collagen: a unique preservation at Raqefet Cave (Israel)

N. Rebollo, O. Barzilai, V. Caracuta, F. Bocquentin, R. Yeshurun, D. Nadel, E. Boaretto

PS2.26 IntCal13 Radiocarbon Calibration Curve

P.J. Reimer, E. Bard, A. Bayliss, J.W. Beck, P.G. Blackwell, C. Bronk Ramsey, C.E. Buck, R.L. Edwards, M. Friedrich, P.M. Grootes, T.P. Guilderson3, I. Hajdas, C. Hatté, T.J. Heaton, H. Haflidason, A.G. Hogg, K.A. Hughen, K.F. Kaiser, B. Kromer, S.W. Manning, M. Niu, R.W. Reimer, D.A. Richards, E.M. Scott, J.R. Southon, C.S.M. Turney, J. van der Plicht

PS2.27 Radiocarbon dates from the cathedral of Santa María (Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain)

A. Rubinos, A. Azcárate, J.L. Solaun

PS2.28 Radiocarbon dates from Oukaimeden valley (High Atlas, Marocco)

A. Rubinos,M.L. Ruiz-Gálvez, Y. Bokbot, E. Galán, P. de la Presa, B. Ruiz

PS2.29 14C wiggle-matching of buried wood of Baekdu Mountain by B-Tm eruption - possible offsets compared to IntCal

M. Sakamoto, T. Mitsutani, M. Imamura

PS2.30 Utilisation of δ13C, δ15N and δ34S analyses to understand 14C-dating anomalies within a Viking community in north-east Iceland

K. Sayle, G. Cook, P. Ascough

PS2.31 The study of food remains from archaeological sites in the Amazon

M. Silva, K.D. Macario, E.Q. Alves, I.S. Chanca, F.M. Oliveira, M. P. Shock, R. Scheel-Ybert

PS2.32 A burning question: exchanges between fuel and bone during cremation

C. Snoeck, R.J. Schulting, F. Brock

PS2.32 Evaluating the validity of the Chico regional culture chronology

D. Snyder, B. Fuller, S. Fahrni, . Bush

PS2.33 Wood pre-treatment protocols and measurement of tree-ring standards at the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU)

R. Staff, L. Reynard, F. Brock, C. Bronk Ramsey

PS2.34 Bayesian age-depth modelling of Late Quaternary deposits from Wet and Blanche Caves, Naracoorte, South Australia: establishing a framework for high resolution faunal analyses

R. Staff, A. Macken, E. Reed

PS2.35 Direct radiocarbon dating implies a re-evaluation of the early chronology of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) in Europe

R. Staff, G. Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, H. Hunt, X. Liu, M. Jones

PS2.36 Landscape context of cremation burials from the 1st millennium A.D. at the Middle Oka River, Central Russia: chronology and dynamics

A. Syrovatko, N. Zaretskaya, A. Troshina, A. Panin, O. Potiomkina

PS2.37 First operation of the Bern AMS MICADAS

S. Szidat, G. Salazar, E. Vogel, M. Battaglia, L. Wacker, H-A Synal

PS2.38 A new database program installed at the SUERC Radiocarbon Laboratory

B. Tripney, P. Naysmith, G. Cook

PS2.39 14C – dating of 4 groups of related textiles of the 1st millennium AD from the Nile valley and Silk Road

M. Van Strydonck, A. De Moor, M. Boudin

PS2.40 Comparative dendrochronological and 14C dating of 15th century Russian icon

K. Voronin, A. Dolgikh, V. Matskovsky, A. Cherkinsky, V. Skripkin, A. Alexandrovskiy

PS2.41 Precise radiocarbon dating by means of rapid atmospheric radiocarbon changes

L. Wacker, D. Güttler, H.-A. Synal

PS2.42 Radiocarbon distance between calendar dates

A. Walanus, D. Nalepka

PS2.43 The times of their lives: Bayesian approaches to Neolithic chronologies

A. Whittle

PS2.44 Palaeodiet characteristics reflected by δ13C and the δ15N signatures in bone collagen from two ancient populations from Lower Austria

E.M. Wild, A. Pavlik, M. Teschler-Nicola, K. Rumpelmayr

PS2.45 14C dating and spectroscopic analysis for dyes on the Coptic textiles

M. Yokoyama, M. Sakamoto, R. Nakamura, M. Naruse, Y. Murakami, T. Izumi

PS2.46 Dating Late Palaeolithic harpoons from Lake Lubans, Latvia

I. Zagorska, J. Meadows, B. Eriksen, A. Dreves, J. Simpson

PS2.47 Shepsi – the oldest dolmen with a port-hole slab in the western Caucasus

G. Zaitseva, V. Trifonov, J. van der Plicht, A.A. Kraineva, N.D. Burova, S.A. Rishko

PS2.48 Modeling Holocene landscape wettening in the Lower Scheldt basin in relation to its prehistoric occupation

Jeroen Verhegge, Tine Missiaen, M. Van Strydonck & Philippe Crombé

PS2.49 Punic Carthage and radiocarbon dating: a decade of discussion

R. Docter


Conference dinner

The conference dinner will take place in the cellars of the Saint Peter's Abbey. For more information, see the social events page.

Friday 12 april 2013

General Session  6: Reservoir effects

Session info

This session contains all papers submitted to the 'General' session with Reservoir effects as common denominator.


Dr. Matthias Hüls & Dr. Gregory Hodgins

Oral Presentations

GS6.1 Dating human remains from the historical period in Belgium. Diet changes and the impact of marine and freshwater reservoir effects

A. Ervynck, M. Boudin , M. Van Strydonck

GS6.2 Current best practice advice on 14C calibration of mixed diet and marine samples

G. Cook, N. Russell, C. Bonsall, D. Hamilton, P. Ascough, K. Sayle

GS6.3 Marine Radiocarbon Reservoir Effects (MRE) in Archaeology: Temporal and Spatial Changes through the Holocene within the UK Coastal Environment

N.Russell, G. Cook, P. Ascough, M. Scott

GS6.4 Radiocarbon Reservoir and Stable Isotope offsets in human remains from the Baikal Region

C. Bronk Ramsey, R. Schulting, V.I. Bazaliiskii, O.I. Goriunova, A.W. Weber

Discussion: Getting the most from 14C (measured and modelled)

Session info


Discussion: Getting the most from 14C (measured and modelled)


Q&A of the frequently asked issues by both user and laboratory


Prof. Hans van der Plicht & Prof. Marian Scott


Radiocarbon users, both experienced and inexperienced, sometimes encounter problems, discrepancies, inconsistencies in their data, have concerns about the meaning of the uncertainties quoted or may not be certain about how to tackle a particular issue or might wonder how best they should sample their sites or artefacts. Radiocarbon scientists sometimes have questions concerning sample preparation, pre-treatments and there may be some disagreements about the way of tackling particular sample types or materials. This session will present an opportunity for a general discussion of these and other issues.

Five key speakers with with expertise spanning applications, modelling and measurement will be identified and each will give a 5 minute summary on a topic such as pretreatment issues, bayesian modelling, archaeological sampling. The 5 minute sessions will thenbe followed by questions from the audience. This is similar in format to election meetings where candidates make a statement and then answer questions on their policies, or in the UK, a popular information session called Gardeners' question time.


Prof. Marian Scott - Statistics & modelling
Prof. Hans van der Plicht - How old, How precise?
Dr. Alex Bayliss - Bayesian questions
Prof. Gordon Cook - Chemistry and filters
Prof. Philippe Crombé - Archaeological sampling issues


See Social events page.